VMWare ESXI Installation Guide
This guide describes how the Allegro Network Multimeter Virtual Edition can be set up with VMWare ESXI. The Allegro Virtual Edition is designed for 2 use cases. It can analyze pcap captures or packet ring buffers of unlimited size for forensic investigation or it can analyze live traffic from virtual machines by a virtual Mirror Port or ERSPAN.
- 1 General
- 2 Installation
- 3 Initial startup
- 4 Mirroring virtual interface
- 5 Packet ring buffer and pcap storage
- 6 Encapsulated remote mirroring (L3) source
Be aware that an activated ring buffer can degrade the I/O performance for all VMs. It is recommended to use one or more dedicated HDDs or SSDs for the ring buffer to prevent side effects to other VMs.
This guide requires a licensed VMWare ESXi 6.7.0 or newer.
The system requirement of the virtual machine is:
- x86 64-Bit Intel/AMD CPU with SSE4.2 support (since 2011)
- 4 CPU-Cores
- at least 2GB RAM for the In-Memory-DB, the larger the better
- 20GB free disk space
Virtual Machine image
Please contact Allegro or your reseller to download the current Allegro Virtual Edition installation zip archive.
Zip file extraction
Please extract the zip archive. It should contain the 3 files “allegro-multimeter.ovf”, “allegro-multimeter.vmdk” and “allegro-multimeter-virtualbox.ovf”.
OVF deployment to VMWare ESXi
Log in to VMWare ESXi.
Once you have logged in, navigate to “Virtual Machines”
Create a new VM with “Create / Register VM” and select the option “Deploy a virtual machine from an OVF or OVA file”.
Press “Next”, use a preferred name for the Allegro and drag/drop the 2 files into the window and press “Next”.
Select your data storage for the Allegro. This storage will be used as the boot partition and to store the configuration of the Allegro Virtual Edition and does not require a high-speed disk. It will not store the packet ring buffer.
The deployment options allow you to select the network mapping for the MGT port and the disk provisioning.
Please double-check all options in the next dialogue and press finish if everything is fine.
The upload and import of the Allegro Virtual Edition will start. Please be patient until it is finished.
Install USB License dongle
If the Allegro Virtual Edition is shipped with an USB License dongle, plug the dongle into an unused USB port of the VM host. The dongle must be connected to the virtual machine. When powered off, press “Edit” in the Vmware ESXi host and click on “Add other device”. Choose “USB device”. A new entry on the bottom of the hardware list appears. Please select a “Feitian HID Dongle” or similar.
Power on the virtual machine when the import has been successful. The Allegro Virtual Edition will boot, prepare the installation and reboot once. The VM will seek for an IP address via DHCP on the MGT port. Check the screen output for an assigned IP address.
You can now connect to the IP address with your browser, in our case https://10.54.0.220/ . The browser will show a certificate warning. Accept it to access the login screen.
Please use the following login credentials; user “admin” and password “allegro”.
If the Allegro Virtual Edition was shipped with a USB License dongle and it has been correctly installed, the License is validated and the Allegro should activate.
The serial number of the Allegro Virtual Edition would be e.g. “dongle: 1234567890” and is displayed in the serial number box under “Settings” -> “License upload”. If it is not displayed even though the dongle has been correctly installed, please contact Allegro support.
If the Allegro Virtual Edition was shipped without an USB License dongle, please follow the following steps. In the web interface a warning is shown that the Allegro Virtual Edition does not yet have a License.
Navigate to “Settings” -> “License upload” and send the system serial number to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Allegro Packets will issue a test License for you that can be installed by the “Upload new License button”.
Once the test License is applied, it will show you the License details similar to this output:
The Allegro Virtual Edition is now running and analyzes all packets on the capture port.
Mirroring virtual interface
The Allegro Virtual Edition has by default 2 network interfaces. The first port is used for Management, the second is used as capture port. The Allegro Virtual Edition will analyze all traffic received by this network port.
Please enable the promiscuous mode for the vwsitch to allow the Allegro Virtual Edition to monitor all packets from on a VMWare vswitch.
Packet ring buffer and pcap storage
You can add one or multiple virtual disks to the Allegro Virtual Edition.
When powered off, press “Edit” in the Vmware ESXi host and add a new HDD.
If done, you can enable the packet ring buffer as described in Ring Buffer Configuration Guide. Please note that a real-time capture of packets require high write rates to your storage device. Please use dedicated disks for the ring buffer to avoid performance issues on other virtual machines.
Encapsulated remote mirroring (L3) source
The Allegro Virtual Edition supports the VMware Encapsulated remote mirroring (L3) source with the ERSPAN Mode. You can set up an IP address on the capture port and send encapsulated packets to the Allegro. Please see the Vsphere documentation center for Encapsulated remote mirroring (L3) source.